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73986EQG Regulation Campaign Scene Setting Report 2100X1400


Without Boundaries:

Exploring regulated business in 2021

Executive summary

Adam Green
Chief Risk Officer

Decision making in uncertain times

Through my career in risk, I’ve witnessed the pressures organisations face in balancing regulatory compliance with the need to keep up with changing customer needs.

At EQ, we help some of the UK’s largest customer facing businesses keep moving. As a regulated business ourselves, our team knows what it takes to break down complex regulation into large scale, best practice business operations.

This is why we’re launching our Without Boundaries series. A series examining how regulated businesses can balance cultural, technical, and operational challenges to make positive change. We want to share our reflections, as well as provide realistic and practical ideas to help navigate this shifting landscape.


The only constant is change

Society has always moved at pace and companies and regulators need to keep up, but the past few years have presented greater change than anyone would have expected.

Society and public expectation is constantly in flux. Businesses have a perpetual regulatory cost burden, and the compliance landscape is increasingly complex.

With so many variables at play, how can companies chart a way forward? It seems near impossible to balance. It may feel that there is no clear-cut route forward, but, with the blurring of boundaries there is potential to explore and find new ways of working.

Within reach, for everyone, is a strong, healthy, purposeful, and customer-oriented industry that can cater for us all.

Download the full report

Emerging to a new future

Beyond the long road to “normal”, the true implications of Brexit are on the horizon waiting to be felt.

We can expect a fundamentally different approach to rule setting in financial services, as UK government and regulators take legislation currently enforced under an EU banner back under UK control. Parliamentary law making in the UK tends to be more iterative, favouring secondary legislation or delegated power, rather than working through technical committees following roadmaps and schedules set years ahead. The UK approach also means that technical details of some legislation are not always as widely reviewed as with EU’s more technocratic approach. This can require additional work for organisations to understand what’s on the horizon and to keep up with the detail.


active regulatory initiatives being pursued by the FCA (May 2021)

Traditionally, the UK parliament prefers to set certain standards and headline objectives with an increasing amount left open for further interpretation, both in respect of the ‘common law tradition’ and the role of delegated powers. This contrasts with the detailed and technical instruction manual approach of Brussels, built around Civil Law. Those who set detailed legislation will be the industry regulators, the FCA and PRA (under HM Treasury), who can expect to see their remit and powers expand even further. There will be an increased role for government departments, and we are already seeing the material strengthening of existing bodies whose remit overlaps with financial services regulation, notably the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) and Information Commissions Office (ICO).

As one of the most influential regulatory bodies in the UK, the FCA also have a history of seeking to set frameworks and guidance for compliance rather than a more prescriptive one size must fit all approach. In theory, this flexibility should work to the benefit to the UK financial services market, but the EU will be watching closely for any material divergence. Any relaxation could be countered politically or economically in a potentially ongoing game of one-upmanship, or in some areas resisted by industry who may assess the consistency with the EU to be more valuable than divergence.

All costs are not created equal

Regulation inflicts a cost burden on all regulated companies as they are obligated to adhere to standards and rules that impact on their ability to freely develop and provide their services. There is a need to evidence compliance through ongoing reporting and transparent operational processes.

In theory, regulatory costs are an equaliser since we all have the same burden so there is no competitive advantage to be had. In practice, this is far from true as large businesses benefit from economies of scale, and fintechs and start-ups use innovative tech and streamlined processes to lighten the burden. There are industry benefits to standardisation, in the same way as using the same plug sockets is efficient, but these benefits are more dispersed and are often harder to quantify.

Regulatory reporting costs UK banks

£2-4.5bn each year

Both legislative approaches offer different benefits for business customers and end consumers who, above all else, demand choice and flexibility. We have also seen that, from the consumers’  perspective, regulation can have a great impact on services offered. But the challenge for companies is often how to meet a wide variety of consumer demands for choice while balancing the cost vs risk return dilemma, and the increasing pressure of return on investment for capital expenditure.


Finding simplicity in the complex

No matter how streamlined the organisation, regulation adds complexity, and even more regulation adds even more complexity. A further complication is that different types of regulation can compete against or interact with each other, such as data protection and KYC, or the agendas of the PRA and the CMA.

The big question for businesses is – what outcomes are we seeking, and are we best placed to achieve these?

There are some regulations which are absolute, with serious financial and reputation penalties for any breaches. Others, presented by the FCA as principals, can be more flexible based on company objectives, culture and priorities. The answer to how to fit the myriad of regulatory directives and guidance for your company often lies with the risk appetite and operational design of the business.


of businesses sped up digital transformation projects

The UK is a traditionally very compliant country. But trying to tick every regulatory box individually can often tie a business up in knots. Within this period of transition post Brexit and pandemic, is this our opportunity to find way forward to establish a more effective, flexible and innovative approach.

Over the last few years, companies have often turned to technology to help streamline and simplify products and services. And we have seen that the pandemic has incentivised this further with 97% of businesses saying they have sped up digital transformation programmes to help cope. But as regulation becomes as much about people, customer relationships, and company culture as process efficiency, by what standards can compliance be judged?

Using our discussion paper

Based on EQ’s expertise and my own experience in working for both the regulator and the regulated, our Without Boundaries paper offers ideas, strategies, and support options to help you build a stronger, more flexible, regulated business. My top tips in each section highlight key areas to focus on. Some are “quicker wins” than others, but all can make a material difference to your business operations to reduce the burden of regulation and improve the quality of service you provide to your customers.

We explore these challenges in three pillars, so regulated businesses can consider how to build their positive action plans, identify ways forward and find sources of inspiration.



The age of the empowered consumer



The age of good governance



The age of business accountability

Adam is EQ’s Chief Risk Officer. He joined in 2015 ahead of the Group’s listing on the London Stock Exchange. Adam started in the Financial Services Authority supervising firms and designing aspects of the FSA’s risk management framework before moving to PriceWaterhouseCoopers to advice firms undergoing complex regulatory change. He then returned to the FSA to lead part of the transition to the Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulatory Authority. Following which he supported BUPA in enhancing its risk and compliance, before joining Equiniti.